Terms and conditions
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Who is a sole proprietor?
How to check proprietorship status?
Proprietorship legal entity status and recognition
Sole Proprietorship Registrations & Licenses
In addition to the basic requirements above, additional license and permits may be required depending on the industry, state, and local regulations.
Advantages of Proprietorship
Easy registration: Sole proprietorship does not have any formal incorporation or dissolution process – as its the same as the Proprietor. However, to operate a business, the proprietor may have to obtain certain registrations and licenses to be compliant with the laws and regulations of India.
Lower compliance: As most proprietorship are only registered with government departments like Income Tax & GST, the compliance burden will be lower. On the other hand, entities like LLP or Company are registered with the Ministry of Corporate Affairs and have to file various statutory returns and be audited by a Chartered Accountant each year.
Simplicity: As there are no partners, shareholders, or directors, the proprietor can easily operate this business with minimal documents and consent requirements. Hence, this type of business structure is best suited for very small businesses.
Business decision: In a proprietorship, the business owner takes all business decisions. There is no consent or approval required from any other person. Hence, a proprietor can normally take quick decisions regarding his business affairs.
Complete control: As sole proprietorship is owned only by the proprietor. He/she has complete control over the assets, revenue, expenses and all business operations.
Disadvantages of Sole Proprietorship
Funding: This type of business structure relies solely on one persons savings, borrowings and credit history. As there are no other persons are involved in this type of business structure, raising funds from banks will be very hard. Raising equity funds will not be possible – as this type of business entity does not allow for profit sharing or shareholding.
Personal liability: If a proprietor is unable to pay business loans or taxes, in a proprietorship – the personal assets of the business owner can be attached or encumbered. Hence, in this type of business structure – the proprietor will be held personally liable until all the liabilities are extinguished.
Business continuity: In case of death or disability of the business owner, the sole proprietorship will be automatically dissolved. Hence, there is will be no business continuity.
Growth: A proprietorship has various restrictions in terms of fundraising, liability and business continuity. Hence, only very small businesses that are in the unorganized sector operate as proprietorship.
Unincorporated business: Sole proprietorship are unincorporated businesses. Hence, there is no centralized database available to see if a sole proprietorship is active or inactive. Thus, sole proprietorship entities are mostly classified as unorganized business.